Assyrian match dating
In Exodus it apparently refers to the period covering Moses first 80 years.The one thing that seems to characterize its use in these and every other place in the bible is that it refers to a general time period of unspecified length when a certain event or chain of events was happening.The Biblical account has been shown to be the correct one by comparison to the Babylonian Chronicle, which is a record of annual events begun in the middle of the eighth century BC.(Shanks p172) Here again reliance on the Assyrian records to date events in the ancient near East is entirely misleading.The difference between their birthdates need not be great if they were born to different wives.For they could not keep it at the regular time, because a sufficient number of priests had not consecrated themselves, nor had the people gathered together at Jerusalem So they resolved to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba to Dan The placement of Hezekiahs Passover of his first year in the period preceding the deportation of the Northern tribes is internal evidence that he was in power before 721BC and thus supports the other straight forward claims to such by the biblical writers.
The problem with the idea that the bible describes two invasions is that while this might be possible in the account in Kings, the other records (Isaiah and Chronicles) seem to make the two events into one.
Additionally at this point in time (712/13 BC according to the Biblical text) the king of Assyria (albeit Sargon II and not Sennacherib) was having trouble with the Babylonians and would have gladly settled the problems with Hezekiah by receiving financial tribute.
These brief verses fit perfectly with the Assyrian account, whereas the rest of the Kings account through Sennacheribs death in has no parallel in the Assyrian account, with the possible exception of the reliance upon Egypt in 2However the fact that the messengers were sent with a letter (Isaiah ) seems to indicate that the high officials that the king of Assyria had previously sent were not used, but rather a long distance communication may be indicated.
In the message Hezekiah sent by the hands of the runners, we do read of some of the Israelites from the Northern tribes having been deported at the hand of the kings of Assyria, but this refers to earlier events, especially the following account In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maachah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria For the historical era, there exist long lists of actual year names, king lists, historical chronicles, building inscriptions, and other written records-often based on or mentioning astronomical observations-that allow absolute dating.
We have no Assyrian historical records from Shalmaneser 5ths reign, but the general sequence of events can be reconstructed from the Eponym Chronicle, itself poorly preserved at this point, in combination with information that survives third-hand from the annals of Tyre.